At the beginning of the last century, tractors replaced horses in agriculture. Today, the time when high technology will reduce, if not eliminate, the human factor from production, in which it still holds the most important position, comes to light.
A prospect that has been described for two decades by leading intellectuals, who predicted and evaluated the consequences of the 4th Industrial Revolution, as it is called the era of robotics and artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, three-dimensional printing etc.
They were not prophets, nor did they watch very American cinema. Besides, some things have since been routed. Since the mid-1960s, Japan has invested no other country in robotics. Now she is doing her best because she is a protagonist in this field. Why specifically Japan? An important role was played by the lack of a workforce that threatened the dynamics of its exports. Being a pioneer and fanatic of https://www.universal-robots.com, today it has drastically reduced the cost of technology in contrast to other countries now entering this arena. So it has been depreciated and is the most competitive country. So most likely, the first robot you will get to speak Japanese…
This is the less interesting aspect of the subject.
Robotics is a daily routine in many schools where students and students are experimenting on applications of high technology and artificial intelligence.
The imminent disappearance of labor from production is not just an economic but a cultural issue, since culture from the beginning was structured around the concept of work. According to economist forecasts, jobs that are threatened by automation, not only in the field of industry and in the provision of services, account for up to 75% of the labor force of the industrialized nations engaged in the execution of tasks, which are merely repetitive tasks.
Twenty years after, economists’ estimates have come to support what has been said. Any job that does not require cognitive skills will be replaced by a robot and only what requires mind, judgment, excellent speech management and high-level education has a future as it cannot be replaced by machines.
In a nutshell, what a machine can do will mean the loss of a – at least – job. How many jobs in total? Mainly administrative services and office work.
Surely things are more complex.
Loss of jobs due to the introduction of high technology machines has the effect of lowering wages. This is often the case, because the human factor … reacts!
And in order to compete with the position, it offers cheap work, which, on the one hand, slows automation, but on the other hand it reduces the purchasing power of the employee.
Here I will note the following phenomenon: In a French supermarket, the possibility of digital reading of product prices and direct issuance of proof at the total purchase cost was tested with a simple passage from the unpaid but with a special scanner fund. Easy and fast. But not for the conscious French, who chose funds with employees to support jobs.
Technological development is, of course, given. Its scope may still be sought. Robots will create new jobs as their construction will require human hands and minds, as happened with the automotive industry. On the other hand, robots, especially humanoids, will carry out residential work by helping elderly people and people with disabilities.
The winners will be the highly skilled workers and, of course, the companies in the industry.